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                                   BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES     

The Biological Sciences are the studies of life, it’s development,taxonomy and function. There are many sub disciplines including biochemistry, molecular biology and physiology. The basic framework starts with the cell, the basic unit of life. Microscopy, the microscopic study of living cells, is the fundamental tool for microbiology. The microscope is the basic optical instrument used in microbiology. Life Science is another term for biology, bridging the other sub disciplines with physiology. Cell structure is the basic unit of biology and the formation of colonies and tissues, ranging from the single cell to complex cellular organisms.

             Life Sciences

Life sciences breaks down global biology into discrete studies of specific groups. Zoology is the study of animals. Botany is the study of plants. Microbiology is the study of microscopic plants and animals. They all are Life Sciences, but more importantly they include the ecosystem or environment in which they live.


Microscopy is the study of life entailing the use of a microscope. This allows for the study of the microscopic world. There are many types of microscopes depending upon the nature of the study desired. Most are compound light microscopes which use a combination of lens. There are also infrared, stereo, digital and even electron microscopes which uses streams of electrons rather than light.

 Simple Compound Microscope

This microscope uses a combination of lens, including an eyepiece and several oculars. The specimen is mounted on a slide which is placed upon a mechanical stage.

   Stereo Infrared Microscope

This microscope has the adaptation of stereo viewing to facilitate a more 3D view of the specimen. It also is infrared, for study of the specimen in infrared light rather than normal white light. There are also ultraviolet and electron microscopes.

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